Semolina is a course-ground flour made from durum wheat. I've also tried durum flour, which is ground finer, but honestly I didn't notice enough of a difference to prefer one over the other. Right now, semolina is easy to find, but I can only get durum by mail order. If both are available in your area, try both and see which you prefer, or just buy the one that's least expensive.
The honey crystals that I used in this bread are something I found at an Asian store. They're tiny dry spheres that taste like honey, but the ingredient list includes cane sugar as well. Since it's a dry ingredient, it lets me get the flavor of honey without messing with the moisture content in a recipe that calls for sugar. If you don't have honey crystals, sugar is just fine.
I particularly like this bread with sesame seeds, but they're completely optional. If you don't want the seeds, then you can skip the eggwash, too.
1 1/4 cups lukewarm water
2 1/4 teaspoons yeast
2 teaspoons honey crystals (or sugar)
1 cup (5 3/4 oz.) semolina flour
2 cups (9 oz.) bread flour
1 teaspoon salt
1 1/2 tablespoons olive oil
sesame seeds (optional)
In the bowl of your stand mixer, combine the water, yeast, honey crystals or sugar, and semolina flour; let it hang out for 15 minutes to let it get bubbly and foamy.
Add the bread flour and salt and knead with the dough hook until the dough comes together and starts to become stretchy. Add the olive oil and continue kneading until the dough is smooth, satiny and very stretchy.
Form the dough into a ball put it back into the bowl (or a clean bowl, if you prefer) and drizzle it with olive oil, Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and set it aside to rise until the dough has doubled, about an hour.
On a lightly floured surface knead the dough briefly, then divide into three roughly equal pieces.
Form each piece into a rope about 15 inches long, then braid those pieces, tucking the ends underneath and pinching to secure them. Try not to stretch too much as you braid, or it won't fit on a baking sheet and won't have room to grow when it rises and bakes.
Cover the dough with plastic wrap and let rise until doubled in size, about 40 minutes.
Bake at 325 degrees for 45 minutes, or until the bread is a nice golden brown. Let the bread cool completely on a rack before cutting.
Here's a slice for you:
And now, closer:
and even closer:
Time to zoom out again:
Looks good, hmmm?
This recipe was also published at Serious Eats.